There are three types of diabetes namely: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is caused by lack of insulin in your body. Insulin is important in helping the body to take of sugar from various foods and turning it into energy. Type 2 diabetes is more common, and is caused when the body fails to make insulin or use it well. Women get gestational diabetes during pregnancy. More often than not, this type goes away after the baby is born. Though diabetes cannot be cured medically, it is possible to manage it and lead a healthy lifestyle.

A patient has to understand the kind of diabetes they have to help them manage it properly. Doctors and health practitioners can offer such information. From hence, a patient should have daily shots of insulin. Though it may be difficult to adjust for the first few days, it should get easier with time. Further, tests for other diseases should be done as soon as an individual learns that they have diabetes. These tests include: that of blood pressure, cholesterol A1C, (a test for blood sugar level). Still, it is important to reduce the stress levels because it may affect the blood pressure levels. Joining a support group can help in this case.

Intake of proper diet is important in managing diabetes. Patients need to choose foods lower in calories but with more fiber. Whole grain cereals and various fruits should be included in the diet. A lot of water should also be taken throughout the day. Further, the portions of foods should be well balanced. It means that half of the plate should be filled with fruits and vegetables, a quarter with proteins, and the other quarter with whole grain.

Exercising should be a part of a diabetic person. Though rigorous exercises may not be advised, it is wise to take simple ones to help increase muscle strength and maintain a healthy weight. Pilates have been recommended for such patients. A regular visit to the doctor is also very important because some complications can be detected and treated early before they become a big issue to a patient. Doctors may also offer very good advice with the consideration of a patient’s progress. Other activities to consider include: checking the body for bruises, brushing the teeth well, and avoiding smoking or taking alcohol. With proper management, diabetic patients can lead a normal life and thrive, just like everyone else.

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